This dye will need a mordant, Alum, when dyeing wool. 10-15% of Alum. Mordanted fabric or yarn, 50% - 100% hibiscus dye.
Add water to the dye and bring to the boil. Keep on a simmer for 30min. Strain the liquid through a sieve (cloth if using ground hibiscus) and returning the liquid back to the pot (no more heating required). Add your dyestuff and let it soak until your required colour depth is reached, from 1/2 hour to overnight.
LOGWOOD ~ Available Cut or ground and as extract*
(Bois de Campeche, Campeachy Wood)
*Collected in the Wild (foraged) in Haiti
Logwood is a natural dye wood from Central America, used for producing blues and purples on wool, black on cotton and wool, and black and violet on silk.
Logwood is PH sensitive.
It is called by old dyers one of the Lesser Dyes because the colour was said to lose all its brightness when exposed to the air.
65g bark, soaked in water for 2 days.
100g mordanted yarn/fibre (Alum 10g)
Bring pot with dye to simmer For 2h.
Strain through cloth, add yarn/fibre and dye bag to dye bath for 1h.
The logwood chips should be put in a bag and boiled for 20 minutes to 1/2 an hour, just before using or soak overnight, bring to the boil in the morning for 1h, strain and bind into bag.
* When using extract you only need to use 5-10% of the weight of your dry fabric. Logwood is one of the more excessive dyes - a little goes a long way - especially when using extract.
ORGANIC COCHINEAL DYE
COCHINEAL DYE ~ Dye colours red, pinks to purples
Origin: Canary Islands, Spain. Organically farmed and processed by Canaturex ~ www.canaturex.com
I am so delighted to have finally found some organic Cochineal. Lorenzo is one of the very first offering organic fully traceable Cochineal.
Cochineal is a powerful dye - made from small insects feeding of cacti. The reds and pinks created from this tiny insects are astounding and breathtaking. From deep rich full bodied reds to light fairy like pinks can be created by only one dye bath.
Cochineal will always dye pinks on plant based fibres.
*Cochineal is the small insect, of which the most commonly cultivated species is Dactylopius. The body of the insect is made of 19–22% carminic acid.
**It takes about 80,000 to 100,000 insects to make one kilogram of cochineal dye. The two principal forms of cochineal dye are cochineal extract, a colouring made from the raw dried and pulverized bodies of insects, and carmine, a more purified colouring made from the cochineal.
6% Cochineal Wool yarn mordanted with Alum 10%
Soak Cochineal in Water overnight blend using a stick blender
Add dye to dye bath Bring to a simmer Remove any black tar like bubbles
Strain through a cloth and keep to the side Add yarn to bath simmer for one hour.
Add dye bag to second and any following dye baths.
ORGANIC ELDERBERRY DYE
ORGANIC *CUT or **WHOLE ELDERBERRIES (Sambucci Nigri) ~ for a light purple colour on wool and silk as well as green when using Soda Ash.
Cut Organic Elderberries are Cultivated in Poland Whole Organic Elderberries are Cultivated in Croatia
Fine for Consumption and Soap making
*Use 50% of Dye according to the weight of the dry fabric/fibre you would like to dye.
**Use 75-100% of dye according to the weight of the dry fabric/fibre you would like to dye.
Add water to the dye, add tartaric acid and bring to the boil. Keep on a good simmer for 60min. Strain the liquid through a sieve lined with cloth and returning the liquid back to the pot, tying the dye bag and add that one too. When cool enough add your dye stuff and heat to 80 Degrees Celcius for an hour. You can let it continue to cool in the pot until your required colour depth is reached, from 1/2 hour to overnight.
Add Soda Ash for a leafy green.
Rinse when finished.
Colours shown in the last pictures are Elderberry on our Yeti yarn (Yak & Silk Yarn)
ALKANET ~ Dye Colour: Purple
*Cultivated in India
**The dye colour goes more into a purple blue grey, but it depends on how you extract the dye and what mordants you use.
***Please be aware that you will need to extract the dye with alcohol.
Below is an extract from Wikipedia which describes the colour as red...Time to experiment!
Alkanna tinctoria, the dyer's alkanet or alkanet, is a herb in the borage family. Its main notability is its roots are used as a red dye. The plant is also known as dyers' bugloss, orchanet, Spanish bugloss or Languedoc bugloss. It is native in the Mediterranean region.
Alkanna tinctoria has a bright blue flower. The plant has a dark red root of blackish appearance externally but blue-red inside, with a whitish core. The root produces a fine red colouring material which has been used as a dye in the Mediterranean region since antiquity. The root as a dyestuff is soluble in alcohol, ether, and the oils, but is insoluble in water. It is used to give colour to wines and alcoholic tinctures, to vegetable oils, and to varnishes.
Powdered and mixed with oil, the alkanet root is used as a wood stain. When mixed into an oily environment it imparts a crimson color to the oil, which, when applied to a wood, moves the wood color towards dark-red-brown rosewood, and accentuates the grain of the wood.
Alkanet is traditionally used in Indian food under the name "Ratan Jot", and lends its red colour to some versions of the curry dish Rogan Josh. In Australia alkanet is approved for use as a food colouring, but in the European Union it is not.
It has been used as colorant for lipstick and rouge (cosmetics).
In alkali environments the alkanet dye has a blue/purple color, with the color changing again to crimson on addition of an acid. The colour is red at pH 6.1, purple at 8.8 and blue at pH 10. Hence, it can be used to do alkali-acid litmus tests (but the usual litmus test paper does not use alkanet as the agent and its colour change is closer to pH 7).
The colouring agent in Alkanna tinctoria root has been chemically isolated and named alkannin.
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