Madder Dye Cut or ground ~ Dye Colour a variety of reds including orange reds, brick red, blood red and fiery reds.
*Collected in the Wild of Iran
The color depends on a variety of conditions, like the soil the roots where grown, their age, the mineral content of the water used for dyeing, the temperature of the dye pot, and how much madder you use in relation to the fiber. Many dyers suggest mordanting the wool just with alum and not to use cream of tartar as well, but that is your own choice and why not try to experiment a bit? Like with any dyeing, you will need to soak the fiber overnight or for a few hours before adding them to the dye pot for both hot and cold dyeing.You can dye with madder either cold or with heat; some dyers use chalk to get better reds.
(You can adjust the amounts as needed)
100 grams dried madder roots 100 grams mordanted (Alum) fiber (50 grams for darker reds or 300 grams for lighter colors) 7 to 10 liters of water 6 grams calcium carbonate (chalk) if using
Soak the roots in the dye pot over night Bring o 65 degrees Celsius for one hour Strain through cloth Add yarn and dye bag to dye pot Keep on 65 - 95 degrees Celsius for one hour
**IMPORTANT: The higher the temperature the darker the colour.
ORGANIC COCHINEAL DYE
COCHINEAL DYE ~ Dye colours red, pinks to purples
Origin: Canary Islands, Spain. Organically farmed and processed by Canaturex ~ www.canaturex.com
I am so delighted to have finally found some organic Cochineal. Lorenzo is one of the very first offering organic fully traceable Cochineal.
Cochineal is a powerful dye - made from small insects feeding of cacti. The reds and pinks created from this tiny insects are astounding and breathtaking. From deep rich full bodied reds to light fairy like pinks can be created by only one dye bath.
Cochineal will always dye pinks on plant based fibres.
*Cochineal is the small insect, of which the most commonly cultivated species is Dactylopius. The body of the insect is made of 19–22% carminic acid.
**It takes about 80,000 to 100,000 insects to make one kilogram of cochineal dye. The two principal forms of cochineal dye are cochineal extract, a colouring made from the raw dried and pulverized bodies of insects, and carmine, a more purified colouring made from the cochineal.
6% Cochineal Wool yarn mordanted with Alum 10%
Soak Cochineal in Water overnight blend using a stick blender
Add dye to dye bath Bring to a simmer Remove any black tar like bubbles
Strain through a cloth and keep to the side Add yarn to bath simmer for one hour.
Add dye bag to second and any following dye baths.
To achieve reds and pinks, the PH needs to be increased to 10-11 (alkaline). Keep in mind to always use PH neutral soap with PH sensitive colours. This dye gives a good green when iron is added and was used traditionally to make artist paint.
65g bark, soaked in water for 2 days. 100g mordanted yarn/fibre (Alum 13g)
Bring pot with dye to simmer For 2h. Strain through cloth, add yarn/fibre and dye bag to dye bath for 1h. Rinse.
LAC DYE ~ Dye colours violet to red to brown
Lac is a powerful dye and probably mostly know in relation to the Tibetan Monks' Tunic - all dyed with Lac. It doesn't have the brilliance of cochineal red, but a much more mature red, like wine.
*Lac is the scarlet resinous secretion of a number of species of lac insects, of which the most commonly cultivated species is Kerria lacca.
**Cultivation begins when a farmer gets a stick (brood lac) that contains eggs ready to hatch and ties it to the tree to be infested. Thousands of lac insects colonize the branches of the host trees and secrete the resinous pigment. The coated branches of the host trees are cut and harvested as stick lac.
The harvested stick lac is crushed and sieved to remove impurities. The sieved material is then repeatedly washed to remove insect parts and other soluble material. The resulting product is known as seed lac. The prefix seed refers to its pellet shape. Seed lac which still contains 3–5% impurities is processed into shellac by heat treatment or solvent extraction. (Wikipedia)
15% Lac wool (no mordant needed)
Dissolve lac in warm water and add to dyepot.
Add wool (always wet) to dye pot and bring to a simmer.
leave for one hour.
One bath can dye several skeins of yarn.
Add wool to the dye bath simmer for one hour. Let it cool and leave in dye bath overnight.
Rinse and dry.
SAFFLOWER DYE ~ lovely soft yellow and red
*Grown and harvested in Iran
Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant. It is commercially cultivated for vegetable oil extracted from the seeds. Plants are 30 to 150 cm (12 to 59 in) tall with globular flower heads having yellow, orange, or red flowers. Each branch will usually have from one to five flower heads containing 15 to 20 seeds per head. Safflower is native to arid environments having seasonal rain. It grows a deep taproot which enables it to thrive in such environments. (wikipedia)
Safflower can give a lovely warm red, but it doesn't dye red on wool. First you have to knead the safflower in water for a long time, discarding the yellow dye regularly until the water turns red. It is a long process, but worth the effort. It will dye Linen, Cotton and other plant fibres. ------------------ Basic Recipefor yellow
100g dye, soaked in water overnight. 100g mordanted yarn/fibre (Alum 15g)
Bring pot with dye to simmer For 1h. Strain through cloth, add yarn/fibre and dye bag to dye bath for 1h. Rinse.
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